Elyce Powers


Polio mainly afflicts children under five years of age, 1 in 200 infections lead to permanent paralysis. Thanks to the Polio vaccine there has been a 99% decrease in worldwide Polio cases since 1988. There is currently a global effort to eradicate this disease. Source: WHO


It is amazing to think, that my future grandchildren may not even need this vaccine included in their immunization schedule.


I came across a video, which features the most common polio myths that are spread around social media. I took a screen shot of each claim, and provided resources for each.


False


False

“It is likely that polio has plagued humans for thousands of years. An Egyptian carving from around 1400 BCE depicts a young man with a leg deformity similar to one caused by polio. Polio circulated in human populations at low levels and appeared to be a relatively uncommon disease for most of the 1800s.” –The History of Vaccines


False

Per the CDC: “Poliovirus can be detected in specimens from the throat, and feces (stool), and occasionally cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), by isolating the virus in cell culture or by detecting the virus by polymerase chain reaction (PCR).”

Lab diagnosis has been possible since 1931 when a filter was created that captured the virus.


False 

Viral Meningitis is not Polio.

Transverse Myelitis is not Polio.

Chronic Fatigue is not Polio.

Guillain-Barre is not Polio.

Spinal Meningitis is not Polio.

Acute Flaccid Paralysis (AFP) can be Polio related, and it be related to the administration of the Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) in rare incidences. When AFP is identified in a patient Polio will be considered, it will then either be verified or excluded as the cause. The WHO keeps track of all Acute Flaccid Paralysis cases, whether they are vaccine derived or caused by a natural Polio infection.

The Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) is no longer used in the United States; it hasn’t been in use since 2000, though it is still in use in other countries. OPV related AFP has a rate of around 1 case per 2.39 million first doses, and 1 in 13 million for the second dose.

Polio is the only thing that is Polio!


False


False

While reading up on these claims I found speculation that FDR didn’t have Polio, but Guillian-Barre Syndrome, these are not verified claims. History says that FDR had Polio.

The first clinical description of polio came in 1789 from a British doctor named Michael Underwood. In 1840 Jacob Heine describes the clinical features of polio including how it affects the spinal cord. In 1931 a filter was created that captured the virus (lab diagnosis available).”


False

Arsenic poisoning is not like Polio.

“Symptoms of arsenic poisoning vary with the type and concentration of the poison. Inorganic arsenic may cause abdominal pains, destruction of red blood cells (hemolysis), shock, and death quickly.”

DDT poisoning is not like Polio.

“DDT ingestion is an uncommon cause of poisoning worldwide. To date, no cases of renal impairment after oral intake of DDT in humans have been reported.” Symptoms of DDT poisoning would not mimic Polio symptoms, it causes renal failure.


I do not understand the relevance of this statement. Polio killed and permanently disabled many people, mostly children. Yes other diseases kill people. Thankfully Polio is one that can be prevented.


True, so what?

Advertising is a very important part of gaining public awareness. Most large charities run ad campaigns to help with donations and support. The main goal of a charity is to raise money for a cause. How is that done effectively if no one hears about your cause?


Correlation does not imply causation. 


False

Cases had not fallen dramatically. However, the death rates from polio had begun to fall thanks to advancements in medicine. 


False

I have already established that only Polio is Polio.


No source data was made available for this claim. If this claim is even true, again, correlation does not imply causation.  This could simply be related to advancements in medicine and better diagnostic techniques.


There is some truth to this claim, this is known as “The Cutter Incident” it is no secret.


The vaccine may not always provide lifelong immunity. Children under age five are the most susceptible to Polio, the CDC recommends that some adults get another vaccine.

Per the World Health Organization “Poliovirus infection can provide lifelong immunity against the disease, but this protection is limited to the serotype involved. Infection with one type does not protect an individual against infection with the other two types.”


True (from 1980 to 2000)

As stated earlier this is an extremely rare side effect of the Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV). The OPV has not been used in the United States since 2000. I have already addressed that vaccine related AFP has a rate of around 1 case per 2.39 million first doses, and 1 in 13 million for the second dose. Remember that polio has an AFP rate of 1 case per 200 Polio sufferers.


VERY FALSE!

Additional Reading

Polio Timeline

Please check out Judith story, a real account of her struggle with Polio.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s